City as an Open Classroom: Diversity & Dynamism in Urban Conservation
Heritage Cities Triangle project
Chairman of Nara Machizukuri Center (NMC)
Vice-Chairman of NMC. Professor at Ritsumeikan University.
NIJUKKEN, Vice-Chairman of NMC. Urban Development Planner
& Urban Transportation Engineer (Railroad & Bus Systems).
Bachelor of Civil Engineering.
Masafumi FUJINO, Vice-Chairman
of NMC. Nara Prefectural Office, Habitation section, Unit of Residential
environment improvement & Townscape preservation; Bachelor
of Architecture, Kobe University (1977); Masters degree, Kobe
University (1979); Nara Prefecture Office (1979-present); citizen
movement in urban development of Nara (1980-present). Interested
in the role of NGO in conservation of historical town.
IWAI, Director of NMC (Asian Exchange in Urban Conservation).
Urban Planner at Municipality (Urban Design, Local Planning, Architectural
Control and Reconstruction Project after Hanshin Great Earthquake);
M.En., Environmental Planning, Kobe University (1986); Nishinomiya
City Office (1986-present); Member of NMC (1991-present; director
1992-1993 and 2005). Since 1986 , visited many developing countries,
particularly in Asia and wrote many papers and essays on Asian
cities. Interested in common elements and common objectives in
Asian Urban Conservation.
Director of NMC; Member of NMC (1993-present). Architect at a
railway company as a project manager to build shops and a facility
manager of buildings. Visited Penang and joined symposium in 1993.
Interested in what we NGO should tell people living in the historic
area mainly and how we should do that for urban conservation.
TEZUKA, Director of NMC
SHIGEMATSU, Professor and Head of Department of Asian
Culture at Otemon Gakuin University in Osaka specializing in international
labor migration and multi-ethnic issues.
Member of NMC. Staff-writer of Asahi-Shimbun Newspaper at Yoshino
Staff of Nara Prefecture overseeing architectural controls. Interested
in city planning, agriculture and center town activation.
SAKAMOTO has lived in Chiang Mai for 16 years and have
been working as an interpreter and a translator between Thai and
Japanese. Since 2003 she has been involved in NMC exchange program
between Nara and Chiang Mai as an interpreter.
Apavatjrut Charoenmuang is co-founder and secretary
general of Urban Development Institute Foundation (UDIF), an independent
group that aims to make Chiang Mai a more sustainable and livable
place. Dr. Duongchan received her doctorate at University of Tokyo.
Her education background was in Architecture, City Planning and
Urban Engineering. A native Chiang Mai citizen, she currently
works as a researcher at the Social Research Institute, Chiang
Chairut, Treasurer of UDIF. She received a Bachelor's
degree in Geography from Chiang Mai University and a Master's
degree in Demography from Mahidol University. She devotes her
leisure time to conservation and protection of Thailand's cultural
Batra is member of Jao Kad. For two years, he served
as president of Indian Association, and twelve years as president
of Guru Singh SABHA (Sikh Temple in Chiang Mai). He is now a consultant
and treasurer to the temple.
Sim Poey, a Penangite from a Baba family, went to the
Penang Free School and graduated in Medicine from Birmingham University,
UK. Presently, he is the medical director of a private family
planning clinic. Dr. Choong has always been a strong advocate
of NGO's as an agent of social change. He was deeply involved
in population and gender issues as chairman of the Federation
of FPA's Malaysia for 2 terms. Lately, he has taken more interest
in heritage conservation and sustainable development through his
involvement in the Penang Heritage Trust and Sustainable Transport
Environment for Penang group, of which he is president and coordinator
JENKINS is an Associate with Architect LLA Sdn Bhd.,
a prominent practice in Penang pioneering in conservation. While
serving on Penang State's Repeal of Rent Control sub-committee
(1998 - 2000) she prepared reports for the state government on
the inner-city communities of George Town affected by rent control
repeal. Her doctoral dissertation, titled, "Contested Space:
Heritage and Identity Reconstructions: An Enquiry into Conservation
Strategies within a Developing Asian City, George Town, Penang,
Malaysia," was completed in 2003 at the Centre for South
East Asian Studies at the University of Hull, England. Prior to
arriving in SE Asia in 1995, Gwynn was a consultant designer in
London, as well as a lecturer in Interior Design for Kingston
and Middlesex Universities. Her London design experience ranged
from museum environments, transportation, retail, leisure, banking,
prisons, and residential work.
has a licensed freelance tour guide since 1992. She is an active
member of Penang Heritage Trust specializing in heritage walks.
She is interested in architecture and Chinese metaphysics.
is regional coordinator and research fellow at the Institute for
Cultural Enterprise, an organization committed to promoting cultural
sustainability through socio-economic development around the world.
Prior to joining ICE, she worked for Firsthand New York Walks
on community-based tourism and the arts; New York Community Trust's
Education, Arts, and Humanities grant program; and Asia Society's
international education policy initiative. Irene received a doctoral
degree in the History of Art from the University of Michigan (2001).
is currently pursuing a Masters in International Affairs at New
School University in New York. Her current research focuses on
'placemaking' through notions of mobility, in particular, unanticipated
uses of spaces by a multiplicity of social actors.
serves as a council member in the Penang Heritage Trust since
2003. Being multi-lingual, he has special interest in the history
of the ethnic minorities in Penang and he presented a paper on
the pre-War Japanese residents during the Penang Story Forum held
in 2002. Clement is active in several foreign-language organisations
and the botanic society in Penang. He frequently hosts talks on
world heritage sites and engages in the activities to save the
local endangered heritage sites.
Salma Nasution alias KHOO
Su Nin, is a writer and historian specializing in local
history and cultural heritage. She served as Honorary Secretary
of the Penang Heritage Trust (1989-2003). She was project manager
of the Syed Alatas Mansion restoration in 1993, co-coordinator
of the 'Sustainable Penang' Initiative, a pilot project in participatory
planning (1997-9), a co-site manager of the UNESCO LEAP programme
(1999-2000), and project director and convener of 'The Penang
Story,' a social history project (2001-2002). She has written
a number of books including Streets of George Town, Penang
(1993), Penang Postcards Collection (2003), Kinta Valley:
Pioneering Malaysia's Modern Development (2005). She recently
completed research on cultural identity issues in Phuket, Thailand
on an Asian Public Intellectual Fellowship from Nippon Foundation.
In 1991, she co-founded the Asia & West Pacific Network for
Urban Conservation, reconstituted in 2005 as Lestari Heritage
Gaik Siang is Advisor to the Conservation Committee
of the Penang Teochew Association and also Chairman of The North
Malaya Teo-Aun Association. Gaik Siang was the council member
of the Penang Heritage Trust from 2001 to 2003 where she served
as technical consultant and Mandarin-speaking resource person
for the organization. She also sat as a board member of the Penang
Teochew Association from 2003 to 2005 and was actively involved
in the restoration of the ancestral temple of the association
(Han Kang Kah Meow). Gaik Siang works as the Vice President (Asia
Pacific) of a multinational corporation dealing in engineering
is a pioneer young people's theatre practitioner in Malaysia.
She graduated with a BA in Social Science from the Universiti
Sains Malaysia and an MA in Children's Theatre from the University
of Hawaii. She has been involved in arts education since 1979
and has developed a unique integrated arts training program for
children. Besides directing theatre she also coordinates heritage
education projects for young people, trains facilitators and designs
curriculum for community arts projects. Janet teaches theatre
at University Sains Malaysia, Penang and coordinates projects
at community level.
Hong Socheat Khemro is Deputy Director General at the
Ministry of Land Management, Urban Planning and Construction,
where he is responsible for drafting and reviewing urban planning
and land management policies and laws, including urban conservation
and development. He has lectured at the Royal Academy of Cambodia
on Geographical Development and recently on Cultural Tourism Planning
and Community Development. He teaches and supervises Master Degree
and Ph.D. students at both private and public universities in
Phnom Penh. He also works as a national consultant to various
organisations including the UNDP, UNHABITAT, WB, ADB, GTZ, Kaunrad
Adeneur Foundation, and a number of NGOs, and private consultant
firms. His currently leads an urban conservation project to draft
the Sub-decree and Joint Declaration on Conservation of Historical
Buildings and Sites in cities of Cambodia and in Battambang town.
During his stay 1993-2000 in England, he obtained three degrees,
Ph.D. degree in Development Planning Studies, Master degree in
the Economic of Urbanisation and Managing the City Economy and
Post Graduate Diploma in Urban Development Planning from University
College London. He also has a Bachelor degree in Civil and Light
Industrial Engineering in 1991 from Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
Sokol currently has an architecture firm designing
and building projects base on preservation and restoration of
old wooden Khmer building as well as building in new updated design.
In 2000, he received a degree in architecture and town planning
based on vernacular and traditional architecture. Between 1999-2001,
he worked as a researcher with Helen Grant Ross and Darryl Collins
on "Building Cambodia: New Khmer architecture 1953-70,"
funded by the Toyota foundation. In 2002-4, he worked as a program
co-leader on the research project 'Vernacular Khmer Architecture,'
funded by the Rockefeller foundation. He is interested in Cambodian
vernacular and 60's New Khmer architecture, conservation and preservation
of sacred and living spaces, and historic city planning.
PYLE is an architect from England where he set up his
own practice. Some of his projects involved the conversion and
renovation of historic buildings. During the last three years,
he has been living in Phnom Penh where he works on new architectural
projects with a Cambodian architect. He established Khmer Architecture
in collaboration with architecture students in Phnom Penh. He
co-founded Sang Salapak - Building Arts (www.sangsalapak.org.kh)
with a group of arts consultants. Some of the organization's work
has been conducted with UNESCO. Geoff has a wife and a 9-year
SIM is a fifth year student at Norton University, College
of science, Department of Architecture and Urbanism. She has taken
courses in conservation, survey on temples and old houses, such
as ones built during and after French colonial period. She is
interested in protecting buildings threatened by environmental
and human causes.
SOUN is a fourth year student at the Faculty of Architecture
and Urbanism, Royal University of Fine Art, Cambodia, and a diploma
student at Australian Center for Education. Aside from school,
she seeks practical field experience to complement her studies.
She is a part time architecture tour guide in Phnom Penh. Previously,
she interned at UN-Habitat's PUPR (Partnership for Urban Poverty
Reduction) Phase II, as well as at JSA (Japanese Safe-guarding
of Angkor). Ms. Soun has just returned from a two-month training
course on "3D reconstruction of Angkor Wat Temple and Angkor
area" in Germany. Her current interest is in urbanization
and urban planning in developing countries.
is a vocal promoter of history and culture of Phuket through writing,
teaching and hosting cultural events for local residents, students,
as well as visitors. She contributes regularly to local magazines
and hosts a daytime radio program about the preservation of Phuket's
culture. Ms. Sak has spoken on topics ranging from the paranormal
in Thai society, Vegetarian festival, Phuket's town culture, sea
gypsies, and Sino-Portuguese houses, Buddhist water ceremony,
to 'forgotten' arts such as silver thread flower arrangements
and southern Thai lullabies. She has worked tirelessly to unit
Phuket's various Hokkien 'clans,' representing Phuket Hokkien
'Babas' with counterparts in Singapore, Penang and Malacca. Her
most recent project is at the Phuket Rajabhat Museum which tells
the story of Phuket's people and cultures.
City as an Open Classroom: Diversity & Dynamism in Urban Conservation
Heritage Cities Triangle project
about the workshop