The Star, Sunday June 16, 2006
leader of the Chinese revolution
DR SUN Yat-sen
(Nov 12 1866 - March 12, 1925) is revered today in China, both
in the mainland and in Taiwan, as father of modern China. Founder
of the Kuomintang (Nationalist Party), Suns political career
was one long struggle as he spent years in exile.
Born in Guangdong
Province in south China, Sun joined his elder brother in Hawaii.
But Sun was sent back to China when it was feared that he would
convert to Christianity which, in fact, he later did.
completed his medical studies at Hong Kong University and was
soon drawn into the revolutionary cause. In 1894, he founded the
Xinzhonghui (Revive China Society). But his first attempt against
Manchu rule in October 1895 failed and he fled China.
London in 1896, he was seized by Chinese embassy officials. However,
a British friend alerted a newspaper. He was released and the
incident gained him wide political recognition among the Chinese
period he worked out a political philosophy known as Sanminxhu-i
and in 1903 formed the United League (Tongminghui).
nine further attempts to oust the Qing Dynasty. All failed.
1911, the United League made plans to strike at Wuchang in late
October but an accidental explosion in nearby Hankow forced the
revolutionaries to act earlier. Manchu resistance was overcome
with surprising ease and a provisional revolutionary government
Dr Sun, who
was not in China when these happened, was invited to become President
in 1912. Later that year, the United League together with four
smaller organisations formed the Kuomintang (Nationalist Party).
But Dr Suns struggle was not over yet as the Kuomintang
battled regional warlords to consolidate control over the country.